Shockwave therapy is effective in the management of chronic pain and lameness caused by a variety of musculoskeletal disorders. The specific disorder must be identified prior to therapy, often using ultrasonography or radiography, in order to target the appropriate treatment area. Once the lesion had been identified high energy sound waves called shockwaves can be delivered to that location.
The reported effects of shockwave therapy are many and include enhancing nutrient delivery by increasing the blood supply to the lesion, stimulating specific cell types known to rebuild soft tissue and bone, promoting a local immune response, directing a more linear pattern of fiber healing in tendons and ligaments. The procedure itself takes about 10 minutes and may or may not need to be repeated. Response to therapy is related to the age and type of injury.